Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57--61

Comparative study of diode lasers used for two time intervals for the treatment of teeth with vertical root fractures


Maram E Khallaf, Doaa M Saadony 
 Department of Restorative and Dental Materials, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Maram E Khallaf
Department of Restorative and Dental Materials, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, 12622
Egypt

Background/aim Vertical root fracture treatment is considered a challenge in endodontics. And no single approach up till now gives satisfactory results. The present study aimed to compare the effect of a 970 nm diode laser in a continuous wave at different time intervals with a resin-based sealer or a resin-based sealer only on sealing of vertical root fractures of extracted teeth. Materials and methods Thirty upper single-rooted teeth were sectioned below the cement enamel junction. A groove of 5 mm length and 1 mm width was done at the root surface. Specimens were divided into three groups (10 each). Group 1 using sealer only, group 2 using a 970 nm diode laser irradiation at a power of 1.5 W at continuous mode for 60 s, and group 3 using a 970 nm diode laser irradiation at a power of 1.5 W and at continuous mode for 90 s. In groups group 2 and group 3, the root fracture line was filled with a sealer followed by diode laser irradiation and the gap size was examined by scanning electron microscopy. Temperature rise at the root surface was also measured using a temperature meter. Statistical analysis was carried out using one-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test (P<0.05). Results The statistical analysis showed that using laser with a 1.5 W/90 s group 3 showed the statistically least fracture gap (1.22 μm) while group 1 showed a gap of 8.57 μm and group 2 a gap of 2.44 μm. Conclusion The present study concluded that the application of a 970 nm diode laser at 90 s decreased the gap between the sealer and the root surface at the fracture line in extracted teeth.


How to cite this article:
Khallaf ME, Saadony DM. Comparative study of diode lasers used for two time intervals for the treatment of teeth with vertical root fractures.J Arab Soc Med Res 2019;14:57-61


How to cite this URL:
Khallaf ME, Saadony DM. Comparative study of diode lasers used for two time intervals for the treatment of teeth with vertical root fractures. J Arab Soc Med Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jun 1 ];14:57-61
Available from: http://www.new.asmr.eg.net/article.asp?issn=1687-4293;year=2019;volume=14;issue=2;spage=57;epage=61;aulast=Khallaf;type=0